in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Polen

Das Internationale Forum der Unternehmer Duschanbe 2016. Ausbau der nationalen Wirtschaft - neue Chancen für Investitionen in Tadschikistan

Der Präsident der Republik Tadschikistan hat in seiner Rede vor dem Parlament gesagt: „Wir müssen unter dem breiten Einsatz der modernen Technologie den Produktionsumfang der Waren zu steigern, welche die Einfuhrprodukten ersetzen, den Marktbedarf durch einheimischen konkurrenzfähigen Qualitätsprodukten zu decken, sowie zur Steigerung des Export-Potentials und zur Schaffung neuer Arbeitsplätze notwendige Schritten einleiten“  Am 14-15. Oktober 2016 findet in der tadschikischen Hauptstadt Duschanbe das zweite Internationale Forum der Unternehmen Duschanbe-2016 statt. Ziel dieser Begegnung ist es, den Dialog und langfristige Zusammenarbeit zwischen der einheimischen und ausländischen Unternehmen zu fördern und gemeinsame Projekte zu planen. Ausführliche Informationen über den Inhalt des Forums finden Sie hier. Bei Interesse zur Teilnahme an der Veranstaltung können Sie sich an Veranstalter  secretariat@inverstmencouncil.tj  oder an die Botschaft wenden.

Agrarwirtschaft: Bauern im Süden Tadschikistan profitieren von den hohen Ernteerträgen

Die Landwirtschaftsbehörden in der Region Khatlon (im Süden Tadschikistan) sprechen von hohen Umsätzen aus Obst- und Gemüseexport in diesem Jahr. Die Hauptabnehmer der tadschikischen bio-Produkte sind Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Türkei, Kasachstan und Russland.

Allein in den letzten 2 Monaten wurden über 30.000 Tonnen Obst und Gemüse ins Ausland exportiert. Die Nachfrage für Süßkirsche, Zwetschgen, Zwiebel, Kartoffel und viele Gemüsesorten wächst. Die Bauern wollen bis Ende dieses Monats weitere 70.000 Tonnen frische Obst und Gemüse aus den ökologischen Anbaugebieten ins Ausland exportieren. Durch die Verbesserung der Bedingungen für Bauern ist die Produktion mancher Agrarkulturen drastisch gestiegen. Demzufolge sind die Preise in den einheimischen Märkten und bei den Grosshändlern im Süden sehr niedrig. Ein Kilo Aprikosen beispielsweise kostet umgerechnet 25 Cent, eine Honigmelone 70 Cent. Die Ausfuhr der Agrarprodukte bringt bessere Steuereinnahme in den Staatshaushalt und macht den Bauern in ihrer Unternehmertätigkeit unabhängig. Die Region Khatlon gilt als Kornkammer des Landes und durch ihre Nähe versorgt die Großstädte mit Obst und Gemüse.

Wirtschaftliche Eckdaten

  • Investment mit der Beteiligung der Gebern und internationalen Finanzinstitutionen  von 2002 bis 2012   2,130 Mrd.  Dollar
    Ausländische Direktinvestitionen bis zu 9/2013 – 2,71 Mrd.  US Dollar;
  • Die ausländischen Portfolioinvestitionen und andere 9/2013 – 1,84 Mrd. US Dollar;
  • Ausländische Direktinvestitionen 1-9/2013 - 208,9 Mio. USD;
  • Die ausländischen Portfolioinvestitionen und andere 1-9/2013 - 277,8 Mio. USD;
  • Freie Wirtschaftszonen - "Sughd", "Danghara", "Ischkoschim", "Panj"

Investment

From the date of Tajikistan’s independence the Government was able to do a lot for the revival and development of the economy. Basic legal and regulatory framework that promotes the formation of market mechanisms was adopted. Since 2002 till present many reforms aimed at creating a favorable investment environment in top priority areas of the economy have been conducted and are being conducted in Tajikistan at the legislative level.

Mehr…

The key point is the adoption of new Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "On Investments", which replaced the obsolete, concerning its legal regulation, Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "On foreign investments". A distinctive feature of new Law "On Investments" is that investors mean not only foreign investors but also domestic investors, which create an incentive for domestic investment.

Additional laws of the Republic of Tajikistan were enacted at the national level to stimulate investment and create the most favorable investment environment, namely "On Privatization of State Property of the Republic of Tajikistan", "On Production Sharing Agreements", "On Concessions", "On free economic zones", "On Credit History", and "On public-private partnership" Besides, taking into account the realities of today's time is scheduled to take very important to improve the investment climate in the country the law "On investment agreements."

After the goal to establish a favorable investment climate in the country was proclaimed, the reforms to simplify the procedure of state registration of legal enterprises and individual entrepreneurs, the permit system, customs procedures, obtaining building permits, and etc. were carried out. Only in the last few years the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan has taken a number of significant measures to strengthen the legal framework for investment activity, to remove administrative barriers to facilitate business and investment activities, which have largely influenced the efficiency ratio.

Introducing the "single window" principle for business registration, reducing the required number of licenses and all sorts of permits, reducing the number of inspection services and regulation of audits, improving bankruptcy procedures, and protection of minority shareholders are among those reforms to improve the business environment, which were duly evaluated at the international level. In the 2010/ 2011 World Bank’s annual "Doing Business" report Tajikistan is inside "top ten" of the best reformers. The activity to improve the investment climate is supported by the Consultative Council on improvement of investment climate under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, which is composed of representatives of the Government and the private sector.

The legislation of the country establishes guarantees for the investors and investment activities; a single mode both for national and foreign investors has been created; freedom to transfer of profits and other forms of investment income are ensured, and so on. Tajikistan legislation stipulates concrete customs and tax preferences for investing. Special benefits are provided to those investors who operate in the priority sectors of the economy, such as construction of hydro power plants and enterprises involved in the full cycle of cotton processing.

At the international level, stimulating investment legal instruments ratified and recognized by the Republic of Tajikistan is “Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreement” concluded with 25 countries and “Agreement on Encouragement and Mutual Protection of Investments” concluded with 18 countries worldwide. Significant factor in further improving the investment climate and increase of business activity in the country was joining of the Republic of Tajikistan to the United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards as of June 10, 1958

The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan being fully aware of the existing problems is implementing comprehensive reforms aimed at improving governance, macroeconomic policies, investment climate and regional cooperation.

So, the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, also known as the New York Convention, was ratified in 2012, which came into force in October 2012, the “State Program on improvement of investment attractiveness in the mineral resources in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2012-2015” was adopted and also a number of documents on Tajikistan's joining to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative was signed.

In 2007-2012 the government of the Republic of Tajikistan worked on the following key questions:

  • implementation of institutional reforms;

  • reducing overall investment and business risk factors;

  • reducing barriers to market entry for investors and entrepreneurs;

  • reducing the costs associated with business and investment activity;

  • government support for business and investment.

Within 2002-2012 in the framework of public investment projects with financial support from donors and international financial institutions more than 200 project agreements were signed and implemented totaling 2.13 billion U.S. dollars, of which loans amounted to 1.614 billion U.S. dollars, grants – 371.5 million U.S. dollars, the contribution of the Government – 119.12 million and other revenues – 28.7 million dollars. The crisis 2008-2010 account for 1.038 billion U.S. dollars or 48.7% of total outstanding disbursements in the implementation of public investment projects.

Every year the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan adopts investment program, grants and capital construction program for the next two years. At the end of this year the Government of Tajikistan has adopted another investment program, grants and capital construction program for 2014-2016.According to the projected goals for the next two years it is provided for the implementation of 120 projects, 39 of which have already being implemented currently in the amount of $1.3 billion; over the next three years it is planned to attract more $18.8 billion.

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Ausbau der Freien Handelszonen in Tadschikistan

Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "On free economic zones in the Republic of Tajikistan" and the "Regulation on free economic zones in the Republic of Tajikistan" were adopted to ensure favorable conditions for attracting foreign investment, technology, management expertise, and establishment of a modern social infrastructure , settlement of the problems with employment and creation of new jobs, as well as the saturation of the domestic market with products and consumer and producer goods and improving living standards. Pursuant to the Law 4 free economic zones (FEZ) "Sughd", "Panj", "Danghara" and "Iskashim" are currently created in the Republic of Tajikistan.

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Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "On free economic zones in the Republic of Tajikistan" and the "Regulation on free economic zones in

There isspecial legal regime of customs and taxation established in the FEZ territories pursuant to which

In the field of ​​customs regulation:

1. Free Economic Zone is part of the customs territory of the Republic of Tajikistan. The goods placed in free economic zones shall be considered as being outside the customs territory of the Republic of Tajikistan to relief from customs duties and exempt from taxes, as well as prohibitions and economic restrictions, established by the normative legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan.

2.Importation to the free economic zone territory of foreign and domestic goods shall be carried out without exemption of customs duties and taxes, and without application of prohibitions and economic restrictions, established in accordance with the regulations of the Republic of Tajikistan.

3. Importation to the free economic zone territory zone of manufacturing and construction equipment and other necessary goods for infrastructure by the entities of the free economic zone administration shall be free from customs duties and taxes. The list of these products is approved by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.

4.When exporting goods from the territory of the free economic zone outside the Republic of Tajikistan taxes and duties shall not be charged, except for customs clearance fees, and the prohibitions and economic restrictions shall not be applied.

5.When exporting goods from the territory of the free economic zone to another part of the customs territory of the Republic of Tajikistan customs duties, taxes, and measures associated with prohibitions and economic restrictions established in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan shall be applied in accordance with the terms of the declared customs regime.

6.Determination of the country of origin in respect of goods produced in the free economic zone and imported into it shall be carried out in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Tajikistan and international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

7. Customs clearance and registration of goods in the territory of the free economic zone defined shall be determined by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

In the field of taxation:

1.The tax regime of the free economic zone functioning shall determine the procedures and conditions for the preferential taxation of entities in its territory.

2. Business activity on the territory of the free economic zone, regardless of ownership shall be exempt from all taxes stipulated by the Tax Code of the Republic of Tajikistan, with the exception of social tax and personal income tax.

3.Social tax and personal income tax in the free economic zone shall be calculated and paid off independently in accordance with the Tax Code of the Republic of Tajikistan.

4. Personal income tax for non-resident foreign experts of the Republic of Tajikistan shall be paid in accordance with the procedure established by the Tax Code of the Republic of Tajikistan

5. The tax authority shall exercise control of full and timely payment of social tax and personal income.

6.Profits derived by foreign investors, and the salaries of foreign workers received in foreign currency may be freely exported by them abroad, and when exported abroad it shall be tax-exempt.

7. Tax exemptions shall apply only in that part of the activities of the entities, which is carried out on the territory of the free economic zone. Taxation of activities outside the territory of the free economic zone shall be carried out on a general basis in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Tajikistan.

8.The entities of the free economic zone are taxpayers and are independent accounting financial and economic activity.

9.On the territory of the free economic zone the taxable entities not belonging to the entities of free economic zone shall be taxed in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Free economic zone "Sughd"

The zone is located in Khujand, its territory is 320 hectares. In free economic zone "Sughd" 18 entities are registered, of which 11 entities are domestic enterprises and 7 entities are joint ventures with the following countries: Poland, Russia, Cyprus, Turkey and China. Solar collectors, plastic pipes , electric wires , exterior wall paint and colors, plastic doors and windows profiles, plastic bottles for storage of fresh fruits, meat products and others are produced in free economic zone "Sughd"

In January-September 2013 nine industrial companies operated in free economic zone "Sughd". The volume of industrial output amounted to 29,422.9 thousand TJS. Including LLC "Real" – 2684.6 thousand somoni, LLC "Fucheng Mindong" –413.2 thousand somoni, LLC "Ravzana Plastic" –2419.0 thousand somoni, LLC "Nekon" – 207.5 thousand somoni, JV "Silkoat Boya" – 6167.1 thousand somoni, JV "Star Plast" – 8650.6 thousand somoni, LLC "Sohtmoni idorakuni No.1" –80.1 thousand somoni, LLC JV "Ofarin Aluminium" – 7988.8 thousand somoni, OOO "Sahi Khujand" –812.0 tys.somoni.

In January - September 2013 in free economic zone "Sughd" the construction was performed by OOO "Dusty Amirhon" in the amount of 439.2 thousand somoni, LLC JV "Skorut Touch" in the amount of 200.0 thousand somoni, LLC JV "Ofarin Aluminium" in the amount of 9076.4 thousand somoni, branch of LLC "Triad" in the amount of 1426. thousand somoni, LLC "Crystal Mosaic " in the amount of 653.0 thousand somoni, LLC "Sohtmoni idorakunii No.1" – 358.3 thousand TJS. Paid services were rendered by: LLC "Nasoskomplekt" in the amount of 736.5 thousand somoni, LLC "Hizmat" in the amount of 80.9 thousand somoni; also doods were sold by: LLC "Aziyahimprodukt" in the amount of 556.1 thousand somoni, LLC "Crystal Mosaic" in the amount of 751.5 thousand somoni.

Free Economic Zone "Dangara"

The zone is located on the territory of Dangara district in Khatlon oblast. Its territory is 521.3 hectares.In January-September 2013 in free economic zone "Dangara" CJSC "U and F Service" produced industrial products worth 265.7 thousand somoni.

Free Economic Zone "Ishkoshim"

The zone is located in the territory of Ishkashim distric in GBAO; its territory is 200 hectares. In January-September of 2012 in free economic zone of Ishkoshim district of GBAO investments in the amount of 396.6 thousand somoni were disbursed for construction of facilities.

Free Economic Zone "Panj"

The zone is located in the territory of Kumsangir distric in Khatlon oblast; its territory is 401.6 hectares. In free economic zone "Panj" 6 companies are registered, with zero sum production for the end of the year.

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Investitionsprojekte

  1. Agroindustrialkomplex  als PDF herunterladen
  2. Fair-exhibitional, trade-cultural complexes  als PDF herunterladen
  3. Food and processing industries  als PDF herunterladen
  4. Communal services  als PDF herunterladen
  5. Light and regional industry   als PDF herunterladen
  6. Mechanical engineering, ...  als PDF herunterladen
  7. Melioration and water economy  als PDF herunterladen
  8. Power industry, fuel industry  als PDF herunterladen
  9. Food and processing industries als PDF herunterladen
  10. Building materials als PDF herunterladen
  11. Transport, communication als PDF herunterladen
  12. Tourism als PDF herunterladen
  13. Chemical industry als PDF herunterladen
  14. Metal manufacture, metal mining industry  als PDF herunterladen
  15. Project of Economic Free Zone  als PDF herunterladen

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